By Joan E. Schaffner
This exploration of the newly rising, diversified, and arguable region of animal lawpresents a easy survey of the legislation designed to guard animals, reading and critiquing them, and offering a destiny the place the criminal regime safely acknowledges and protects the inherent worthy of all animals.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Animals and the Law
The criminal sanctions include felony sanctions, with minimum as well as maximum sentences, that better reﬂect the seriousness of the crimes. Finally, the law demands enforcement and requires coordination with organizations that provide services to animals. ” Ironically, cock-ﬁghting remains legal in Puerto Rico although outlawed in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Common law: interpreting and applying anti-cruelty statutes Analysis of cases applying the law is critical to understanding how the law is interpreted and enforced.
52 Given the malleability of state constitutions, animal advocates have used the voter initiative process to gain victories for animals by appealing directly to the voters rather than lobbying the legislatures. What animal advocates have found is that while winning the majority of voters is still difﬁcult, they have a better chance of getting “what they want without any major concessions or compromises”53 that are often necessary when lobbying politicians. According to one observer: Animal advocates have resorted to the initiative process after policy makers stonewalled popular reforms.
The only express exemption in the United Kingdom is for animals used in research. A separate Act governs these animals. The link Important to the development of the anti-cruelty laws is the well-established link between individualized acts of animal abuse and human violence. 22 In particular, there is clear evidence that in homes where there is domestic violence/spousal abuse, there is a higher incidence of animal abuse. 28 Thus, a child in an abusive family environment is more likely to become an abuser as an adult, creating another family of abuse.