By Sarah Borden Sharkey (auth.)
This e-book articulates the theoretical outlines of a feminism built from Aristotle’s metaphysics, creating a new contribution to feminist thought. Readers will become aware of why Aristotle was once now not a feminist and the way he may need turn into one, via an research of Aristotle and Aristotelian culture. the writer indicates how Aristotle’s metaphysics can be utilized to articulate a very sophisticated and theoretically robust knowing of gender which could provide a hugely great tool for distinctively feminist arguments.
This paintings builds on Martha Nussbaum’s ‘capabilities method’ in a extra explicitly and punctiliously hylomorphist method. the writer exhibits how Aristotle’s hylomorphic version, built to run among the extremes of Platonic dualism and Democritean atomism, can equally be used at the present time to articulate a view of gender that takes physically transformations heavily with no lowering gender to organic determinations.
Although written for theorists, this scholarly but obtainable ebook can be utilized to handle more effective concerns and the ultimate bankruptcy explores girls in universities as one instance. This publication will entice either feminists with constrained familiarity with Aristotle’s philosophy, and students of Aristotle with constrained familiarity with feminism.
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Extra resources for An Aristotelian Feminism
Key to Aristotle’s account is the distinction between form and matter, or the formal and material principles. , the general developmental pattern characteristic of human beings in contrast to baboons or Arabian horses—while the latter refers to the conditions under which the development occurs. This distinction allows Aristotle to afﬁrm that all members of one species can genuinely be said to share something signiﬁcant and yet also so obviously and truly differ. All of us, according to Aristotle, share the same type of form—or principle of growth and development—and yet also differ in ways that are not insigniﬁcant.
There are no uninterpreted biological givens. These cautions need to be taken seriously. , women’s unﬁtness for competitive team sports— has been clearly shown to be false. Such progress could not have been made without signiﬁcant questioning of the biological bases of the assumptions regarding difference. , breast pumps and infant formula)— have changed even our relation to what biological differences might be thought more permanent. Although it is still the case that, thus far, only individuals with female reproductive systems can carry and give birth to children and lactate, various technologies allowing control over the timing of reproduction and certainly technology separating the feeding of young children and women’s bodies have substantially changed the way in which biological differences affect our lives.
This text is, thus, philosophical, offering a theoretical model, rather than scientiﬁc or psychological. 59 I worry that current models—for example, models such as Nussbaum’s, which downplay biological differences, focusing nearly exclusively on the social construction of gender—discourage us from attending to biological differences. It is surely true that many traditional understandings of gender have missed the great signiﬁcance of the social dimension of gender development. (This is, as I will argue in Chap.