Download Agrofuels: Big Profits, Ruined Lives and Ecological by Francois Houtart PDF

By Francois Houtart

Since they have been heralded as a key weapon within the struggle opposed to weather swap, agrofuels were criticised seriously for doing extra damage than stable as a result of deforestation and stealing agricultural land necessary to farmers within the constructing international. This e-book asks no matter if there's anyplace for agrofuels in a low-carbon future.

François Houtart argues that the fairway strength of agrofuels has been wasted by means of companies that placed earnings above environmental safety. This has resulted in the absurd scenario the place an strength resource that are supposed to be sustainable truly raises human and ecological harm, easily a result of profit-maximising judgements of capitalists instead of a flaw within the inspiration of agrofuels.

Students of improvement experiences and environmental economics will locate that this booklet deals an engaging new standpoint at the way forward for strength.

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Additional info for Agrofuels: Big Profits, Ruined Lives and Ecological Destruction

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8 The spectacular increase in the price of oil during 2007 brought the price of a barrel to 100 dollars, but it evidently did not change the foreseeable decline of this source of energy. It was even partly one of the consequences. It both encouraged the pushing back of the frontiers of the exploitation areas (indigenous territories, natural reservations) and increased the competition between the consumers in the old industrial countries and those in the emerging countries. As for the increase in the price of oil – a function of its scarcity – this is already affecting the poorest, who are unable to afford the repercussions on the price of transport, food products and heating.

But the damage has been done. Whole regions have been devastated. The big timber companies came in with immense machines in order to take the best trees. The environment has been ravaged, the reforestation clauses ignored and the local population alienated, having lost a large part of their means of subsistence. Controls have been non-existent. According to Greenpeace, 21 million hectares have been exploited by these timber companies. Indonesia and Malaysia have lost more than 80 per cent of their original forests, essentially to the African palm.

This causes a cooling of the higher layers which in turn affect Houtart 01 text 38 26/03/2010 11:28 the twin crises: energy and climateâ•… 39 the impoverishment of the ozone layer. As for the CFCs they also destroyed the ozone in the stratosphere (high atmosphere). They discharged micro-particles into the atmosphere from the use of aerosols, refrigerators, air-conditioners50 and the combustion of fossil energies. Through the effect of the sun, the chlorine of CFCs is liberated and destroys the molecules of the ozone.

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