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By R.C. Hine, K.A. Ingersent, A.J. Rayner

Agriculture used to be an enormous merchandise at the schedule of the Uruguay around of multilateral exchange negotiations less than the auspices of the final contract on price lists and alternate (GATT), introduced in 1986. during this specifically commissioned quantity the nationwide positions on agriculture taken up via the main gamers through the process those negotiations are set out and analysed, kingdom by means of kingdom, via a staff of across the world well known specialists. The editors have chosen and ordered the stories to supply a coherent evaluation and synthesis of the most concerns and parts of controversy raised via the negotiations. exam of the explanations for the retaining of alternative nationwide views at the factor of agricultural coverage and exchange reform is helping to give an explanation for why attaining overseas contract during this sector of the GATT negotiations has been so elusive.

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TRIMs, textiles and clothing); sometimes on a North-North basis (agriculture, tariffs), sometimes on both (agriculture). The point is that allies in one negotiating group may have been enemies in another (see Whalley, 1989). This made it more difficult to secure a winning coalition. Sixth, the position of some of the key parties on some issues altered as the negotiations proceeded. US manoeuvring on services was particularly disruptive in this respect. The init ial position was one David Greenaway 23 which saw a framework agreement founded on MFN principles.

Indeed, the United States in particular, and the Cairns Group (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Columbia, Fiji, Hungary, Indonesia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Thailand, and Uruguay) alongside it, have utilised a variety of economic techniques and political tactics to move toward the accomplishment of objectives spelled out in the Ministerial Declaration at Punta del Este in 1986. From the beginning the United States said that agriculture was the top priority for the Uruguay Round .

Hillman 41 The US Comprehensive Proposal was tabled after one of the most intensive periods of agricultural and trade policy analysis in the history of the GAIT. The Economic Research Service, USDA, alone lists 228 studies done by that agency as of September (Nabbs-Zeno and Swann, 1991). Many other major and minor analyses were done by public and private, domestic and international agencies. , in LDCs) would lose. Despite all of the 'proof by research studies of resource misallocation, of the protection of vested interests and of the enormous costs of farm programmes, lobbyists and politicians select only those that support their own positions.

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