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By John Losee

Designed for first-time readers of the topic, this stimulating creation bargains a ancient exposition of differing perspectives at the philosophy of technology. With concise profiles proposing the main philosophers whose contributions are mentioned during this booklet, Losee explores the long-argued questions raised through philosophers and scientists concerning the right evaluate of technological know-how.

This re-creation accommodates modern advancements within the self-discipline, together with fresh paintings on theory-appraisal, experimental perform, the controversy over medical realism, and the philosophy of biology. Taking a balanced and informative technique, this paintings is the correct introductory quantity.

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3 Roger Bacon, The Opus Majus, trans. Robert B. Burke (New York: Russell and Russell, ), ii. –. g. A. C. Crombie, Robert Grosseteste, –. 5 Roger Bacon, The Opus Majus, ii. –. 6 A. C. Crombie, Robert Grosseteste, –. 7 Duns Scotus: Philosophical Writings, trans. and ed. Allan Wolter (Edinburgh: Thomas Nelson, ), . 8 Ibid. –. g. Julius R. : The University of Wisconsin Press, ), –. 10 Roger Bacon, The Opus Majus, ii. . 11 See A. C. Crombie, Robert Grosseteste, –; 12 Roger Bacon, The Opus Majus, ii.

He accepted Aristotle’s view of scientific inquiry as a two-stage progression from observations to general principles and back to observations. Moreover, Galileo approved Aristotle’s position that explanatory principles must be induced from the data of sense experience. In this regard, Galileo observed that Aristotle himself would have repudiated the doctrine of the immutability of the heavens had he been in possession of the seventeenthcentury telescopic evidence on sunspots. ’ ”4 the c17th attack on aristotelian philosophy  Galileo’s remarks about scientific procedure were directed against practitioners of a false Aristotelianism, who short-circuited the Method of Resolution and Composition by beginning, not with induction from sense experience, but with Aristotle’s own first principles.

He indicated, moreover, that it is permissible to judge that the Copernican model is better able to save the appearances than is the Ptolemaic model. But Bellarmine insisted that to judge one mathematical model superior to another is not the same thing as to demonstrate the physical truth of the assumptions of the model. The Jesuit mathematician Christopher Clavius had declared (in ) that Copernicus had saved the appearances of planetary motions by deducing theorems about them from false axioms.

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