By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
The 7th variation of Arthur Goldschmidt’s generally acclaimed textual content has been greatly revised to mirror the newest scholarship and the newest occasions within the heart East, together with a sophisticated dialogue of the existence and project of the Prophet Muhammad and a rationalization of the elements of the Palestinian-Israeli clash. As an advent to the historical past of this turbulent quarter from the beginnings of Islam to the current day, the ebook is unusual by way of its transparent kind, extensive scope, and balanced therapy. Written for college kids, the textual content assumes no past wisdom of center japanese historical past. It specializes in the evolution of Islamic associations and tradition, the impact of the West, the modernization efforts of center jap governments, the fight of assorted peoples for political independence, the process the Arab-Israeli clash, the reassertion of Islamic values and tool, the aftermath of the Gulf conflict, and matters surrounding the Palestinian query. This variation additionally contains a precise and up-to-date chronology, a thesaurus of names and phrases, and a bibliographic essay directory books and different assets that might end up worthwhile to either lecturers and scholars. Maps, tables, and figures increase the price of this version.
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Additional info for A Concise History of the Middle East (7th Edition)
Upon that day shall she tell her news with which thyLord has inspired her, Upon that day shall men come outscattered in groups to be shown what theyhave done. Then he whohas done one atom’s weight of good shall seeit And he who has done one atom’s weight of evil shall see it. (Quran, 109:1-8) Being God’s messenger to the Arabs was an awesome task for an unlettered, middle-aged merchant, an orphan who had gained a precarious hold on a little wealth and status. Muhammadwas tempted to shirk the responsibility; and yet, when he received no messages for a while, he feared that God had abandoned him.
The Struggle fur sz~n~ivd Once the ummah was set up in Yathrib, renamed Medina (ormadinat alnabi, the “city of the Prophet”), Muhammad faced new challenges. Medina’s Arabsdid not all become Muslims at once, their quarrelsproved hard to settle, and it was harder still for him towin the allegiance of the city as a whole. If the Jews of Medina had ever harbored anybelief in Muhammad as the Messiah or the messenger of God, theywere soon disillusioned. His revelations did notagree with what theyknew from theBible, and they re- 36 *:* The Prophet of Mecca jected his religious authority.
Hot and dry, Mecca was useless for farming. But its primacy among Arab towns stemmed from three additional assets: a yearly poets’ fair at nearby Ukaz; Mount Arafat, already a pilgrimage site; and its Ka’bah, a cube-shaped structure of unknown antiquity that housedidols (reportedly 360 of them) standing for the various deities venerated by the tribal Arabs. Also nearby were lesser shrines honoring individual goddesses, notably al-Lat, al-Uzza, and alManat, whowere worshiped by the pagan Meccans themselves.